JUST IN: Some county beaches to remain closed because of red tide

UPDATE 5:40 p.m.: Palm Beach County beaches from R.G. Kreusler Park north to the Martin County line will remain closed after lifeguards and staff report continued irritation from red tide.

Previous story:

The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission has released a map detailing the locations where testing occurred over the weekend for red tide.

The map also includes the concentrations of Karenia brevis in the samples.

A second map and forecast from NOAA shows moderate red tide conditions are expected in Palm Beach County through Friday.

Water samples were taken after beachgoers complained of scratchy throats, coughing and skin irritations this past weekend. The 11 samples, taken up to 7 miles offshore, tested positive for very low-to-medium concentrations of red tide and the single-cell algae Karenia brevis that causes it.

RELATED: Red tide Q&A and how it differs from blue-green algae

There have been 57 occurrences of red tide in the Gulf of Mexico since 1953. Eight of those events have made their way to Palm Beach County (with cell counts 100,000 cells/liter or more). All eight of those events originated in the Gulf of Mexico and were carried by currents to the east coast.

Gov. Rick Scott commented for the first time about the red tide on the Atlantic coast this morning, saying the state is ready to “deploy any needed resources.”

“With red tide now observed on Florida’s Atlantic Coast, we aren’t wasting any time combatting this natural phenomenon,” Scott said in a statement. “Over the past 61 years, scientists at FWC have documented red tide in Florida’s Atlantic waters nine times, and now, just as we’ve done on the Gulf Coast, we are absolutely committed to quickly deploying every available resource our Atlantic Coast communities may need to combat and mitigate red tide.”

Palm Beach County’s public beaches will open Wednesday, while individual cities can make their own decisions on whether to fully open, or keep swimming restricted.

PHOTOS: Beaches close across Palm Beach County after people complain of respiratory distress

“Reopening county beaches on Wednesday, Oct. 3rd, provides for a day’s preparation of proper messaging on the beaches,” a Monday press release from the county states. “All Palm Beach County beachgoers are advised to swim near guarded beaches and heed any warnings posted at county or city beaches.”

Boynton Beach and Boca Raton did not restrict access or swimming, while Delray Beach was closed to swimming Monday.

RELATED: Cleaning up Florida’s red tide corpses 

Ben Kerr, the public information officer for Lake Worth, said water samples were taken at Lake Worth Beach on Saturday and Monday, with results pending.

Similar to Palm Beach County, Lake Worth will reopen its beach Wednesday. The Casino and Benny’s on the Beach will remain open, although the top parking lot is closed today.

Red tide samples taken Sept. 30. Courtesy Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission

If you haven’t yet, join Kim on Facebook Instagram and Twitter.

BREAKING: Preliminary results show red tide present in Palm Beach County

 

The Karenia brevis algae, which causes red tide, is present in Palm Beach County’s coastal waters, according to preliminary results from the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission.

The tests of water samples taken after several people complained of respiratory issues on Saturday showed low to medium concentrations of red tide. The water samples were taken Sunday.

“We will enhance our monitoring and testing,” said Susan Neel, director of FWC’s community relations office. “Red tides on the east coast are rarer and typically of shorter duration than those on the Gulf coast.”

Beaches from Jupiter to Delray Beach have been closed to swimming since Saturday, with some cities closing the sand portion of the beach also.

“It’s unusual, but it’s not unheard of for it to end up on the east coast,” said Richard Stumpf, a NOAA oceanographer who studies harmful algae blooms and their movement. “The reason it’s rare is you have to have the bloom and an east wind. It’s a combination of things that have to happen.”

Red tides are naturally occurring and have been observed in the Gulf of Mexico since the 1800s.

The bloom can reach the east coast if it gets caught in the Gulf of Mexico’s loop current and travels with the Florida current through the Florida Straits into the Gulf Stream – a north-moving river of warm water that skims the Palm Beach County coastline. Once in the Gulf Stream, waves can force the toxin produced by the Karenia brevis into an aerosol form, that can then be carried by east winds to Palm Beach County beaches.

A test for red tide taken Wednesday at the Juno Beach Pier was negative.

Since 1972 when the transport of red tide from the west coast to the east was first identified, seven other instances have been documented, according to FWC. Those include 1990, 1997, 1999 and 2006.

Stumpf said he’s monitoring satellite images of the state and doesn’t see any clear evidence of red tide on the east coast. High concentrations of red tide can appear brown in the water.

“There’s nothing I can pin down and say, ‘Oh, there it is,’” Stumpf said. “Our best guess is it’s piled along the edge of the Gulf Stream and it’s really hard to see that.”

Some people experience respiratory irritation (coughing, sneezing, tearing and an itchy throat) when the Florida red tide organism is present and winds blow onshore. The Florida Department of Health advises people with severe or chronic respiratory conditions, such as emphysema or asthma, to avoid red tide areas.

According to FWC’s website, a water sample from the Juno Beach Fishing Pier taken Wednesday by the Loggerhead Marine Life Center tested negative for the presence of Karenia brevis. That result was released in a Friday report.

The lack of the algae in the water column last week is consistent with red tide forecasts from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration which said no “respiratory irritation associated with Karenia brevis is expected” on the east coast of Florida.

Red tides on the East coast of Florida are extremely rare. They can even subside and then reoccur. The duration of a bloom in nearshore Florida waters depends on physical and biological conditions that influence its growth and persistence, including sunlight, nutrients and salinity, as well as the speed and direction of wind and water currents.

There have been 57 occurrences of red tide in the Gulf of Mexico since 1953.  Eight of those events have made their way to the east coast in the area of Palm Beach County (with cell counts 100,000 cells/liter or more).  All eight of those events originated in the Gulf of Mexico and were carried by currents to the east coast.

 

UPDATE: Kirk aims for Caribbean with more tropical storm warnings expected Thursday

Tropical Storm Kirk

11 p.m. UPDATE: Tropical Storm Kirk weakened slightly to 50 mph as it moved west-northwest around 16 mph toward the Windward and Leeward Islands.

All the previous warnings and watches remain in effect as Kirk moves across the Lesser Antilles and into the eastern Caribbean.

Tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 140 miles, mainly to the north and east of the center.

Kirk is also expected to bring heavy rains to Martinique and Dominica on Thursday, followed by eastern Puerto Rico on Friday and Saturday.

UPDATE: Kirk aims for Caribbean with tropical storm warnings expected Thursday

8 p.m. UPDATE: Tropical Storm Kirk is moving west-northwest near 18 mph with top sustained winds of 60 mph, according to the latest advisory from the National Hurricane Center in Miami.

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

This motion is expected to continue over the next few days, putting Kirk on track to move over the Lesser Antilles and spur tropical storm warnings Thursday afternoon.

At 8 p.m., the storm was about 230 miles east of Barbados and 355 miles east-southeast of Martinique. Warnings are in effect for Barbados, St. Lucia, Dominica, Martinique and Guadeloupe.

Little change in strength is forecast until Kirk crosses the Lesser Antilles, followed by weakening over the eastern Caribbean.

UPDATE 5 p.m.:  Tropical Storm Kirk whipped up quickly to 60 mph sustained winds today after reforming into a cyclone this morning.

The storm, which is 260 miles east of Barbados, is moving west-northwest at 18 mph.

Tropical storm watches and warnings are in effect for many of the Windward Islands, including Barbados, St. Lucia, Dominica, Martinique and Guadeloupe.

Tropical storm-force winds extend 115 miles from Kirk’s center.

Kirk is still expected to weaken over the weekend as it enters the eastern Caribbean and is hit with higher wind shear.

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

 

Previous story:

The cyclone once named Kirk is back to tropical storm strength, regaining its name at the 5 a.m. advisory as it heads toward the Windward Islands.

Kirk had been reduced to remnants of its former self on Monday, but National Hurricane Center forecasters said this morning the system has better organized thunderstorms around a defined center. Add maximum sustained winds of 45 mph and Kirk is reborn.

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

The storm is about 470 miles east of Barbados and moving west at 18 mph.

Tropical storm watches and warnings have been posted for southern Windward Islands including, Barbados, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Tropical storm-force winds extend out 115 miles from Kirk’s center.

Kirk may strengthen slightly before it gets beat down in the eastern Caribbean Sea by wind shear. It is forecast to a weaken to a depression over the weekend.

Tropical Storm Kirk nears the Windward Islands with 45 mph sustained winds on Sept. 26, 2018.

A weak low pressure system off the Carolinas never did form, and was given just a 30 percent chance of forming over the next 48 hours.

RELATED: It’s fall, but when will South Florida start feeling like it? 

The system is expected to produce scattered rain and rough surf along the Carolinas as it moves northeastward to merge with a front that will push through over the weekend.

Through this morning, this hurricane season is still above normal for this time of year for named storms with 12, compared the climatological norm of 8.7, according to Colorado State University’s Tropical Meteorology Project. Named storm days (57), number of hurricanes (5) and Accumulated Cyclone Energy (83) are also higher than normal.

CSU’s next two-week forecast is scheduled for release Thursday.

If you haven’t yet, join Kim on Facebook , Instagram and Twitter.

UPDATE: Return of Kirk? Chance of tropical storm reforming up to 70%

Tropical Weather Outlook

8 p.m. UPDATE: The remnants of Tropical Storm Kirk are likely to redevelop into a tropical cyclone during the next day or two before it moves into an area of highly unfavorable upper-level winds as it approaches the Caribbean, according to the latest Tropical Weather Outlook from the National Hurricane Center in Miami.

STORM 2018: The next Tropical Outlook will be issued at 2 a.m. Click here for an update

At 8 p.m., the remnants were about 750 miles east of the Windward Islands and moving quickly westward at 20-25 mph. Chance of tropical formation in the next 48 hours was 70 percent.

Meanwhile, off the coast of North Carolina, a low pressure area still has a 50 percent chance of becoming a tropical system. An Air Force Reserve Hurricane Hunter aircraft reported that the circulation has become better defined but the associated showers and thunderstorms remain disorganized.

Continue reading “UPDATE: Return of Kirk? Chance of tropical storm reforming up to 70%”

No tax increase in water district budget, but opposition from unusual source

The leaves of water-lilies (Nymphaea spp.) float ontop of the water and are beneficial to Lake Okeechobee.

The South Florida Water Management District Governing Board will give final consideration to its 2018-2019 budget tonight, which includes no property tax increases for the eighth consecutive year.

The tentative budget of $813.9 million reduces the tax rate for 15 of its 16 counties by about 5.3 percent to $29 per $100,000 of taxable property value. That reduction, called the “rollback rate”, ensures that even though property values have increased, residents will pay the same, or slightly less, than the previous year.

“By eliminating nonessential costs and limiting administrative overhead, this governing board proudly continues its tradition of not raising taxes while achieving flood protection, water supply and environmental restoration,” said Governing Board Chairman Federico Fernandez in a July press release after the board tentatively approved the tax rate in an 8 to 1 vote.

The lone dissenter in the July vote, and subsequent budget discussions, was Jim Moran, who represents Palm Beach County on the board.

Moran, who was appointed to the board by Gov. Rick Scott in 2011, is a self-described “conservative tea party guy,” and advocate of smaller government.

But he said he can’t support an 8th year of reduced tax rates.

“We need more money, we’re broke” Moran said in July. “When I first came on the board we had $400 to $500 million in what I call unrestricted reserves, but we’ve spent that down for restoration projects and other projects to what is now below $60 million and we are still only collecting the same amount we were eight to nine years ago.”

South Florida Water Management District Governing Board member James Moran. Moran was appointed to the board in 2011 by Gov. Rick Scott.

Moran said keeping the tax rate the same this year would raise an additional $18 to $20 million that could be used for repairs and maintenance to the district’s flood control system, employee raises and bonuses, invasive plant control and upgrades to the district’s fleet of vehicles, including construction equipment.

“It’s one thing to cut back to the bone and still be able to run efficiently, but it’s another thing to have the budget so lean you are not adequately doing flood control or rewarding employees who deserve better bonuses and raises,” Moran said Monday.

The proposed budget does include an additional $3 million for employee compensation, which is a $1.7 million increase, and $3 million for operations and maintenance, which is used to for repairs to levees, canals and water control structures.

District staff said in July that even if money was no object for operations and maintenance, they couldn’t physically complete more projects or do more repairs and that the $3 million allocation was decided on after discussions with Chief Engineer John Mitnik.

Moran has been the lone voice on the board with concerns regarding the upkeep of district flood control systems, repeatedly pointing to a  year-long review by the inspector general that found the annual allotment set aside for repairs should be about $88.5 million, while the actual budget averages only $53 million.

District officials agree the repair budget needs to be bolstered, but not by as much as what is indicated in the report, which they say is based on a facilities survey conducted three years ago that is outdated.

The district is in charge of about 760 culverts, weirs, spillways, locks and pump stations. It also maintains 2,100 miles of canals and 2,000 miles of levees in the 16-county region it oversees from Orlando to the Florida Keys.

Moran resigned as chairman of the district’s Water Resources Analysis Coalition in May after he had asked that the report be added to the coalition’s agenda, but was denied.

“Where I’m not seeing the great concern arise is with our staff,” Fernandez said in July about Moran’s concerns. “The messaging we’ve been receiving is one of staying the course because we’ve been very effective in sticking to our knitting and in not asking for more than what we need.”

The district has been in cost-cutting mode since 2011, which included losing hundreds of employees to layoff and buyouts. In 2009, the district had 1,828 full time employees. The 2018-2019 budget includes 1,475 employees – a nearly 20 percent reduction in the past decade.

Moran wasn’t the only person encouraging the board to keep the millage rate the same.

He was joined by Nyla Pipes, a member of the district’s Water Resources Analysis Coalition and executive director of One Florida Foundation, and Cara Capp, Everglades restoration program manager for the National Parks Conservation Association. Both spoke at the July meeting.

Pipes mentioned this summer’s algae plague on Lake Okeechobee and in both northern estuaries.

“If you are looking at a rollback rate when all of us are advocating for projects we know we need, we are sending a very mixed message and I am confident Floridians want to get there on all of these projects and they want to get there faster,” Pipes said. “Literally, at this moment, we have declarations of emergency in this state, and it’s time to recognize the economy is getting better and Floridians will stand behind you if you continue doing the good work you’re doing.”

If you haven’t yet, join Kim on Facebook , Instagram and Twitter.

Kirk collapses, remnants will be monitored

UPDATE 12:17 p.m.: Kirk lost its center circulation this morning, meaning it no longer fits the definition of a tropical cyclone.

The National Hurricane Center is no longer issuing advisories on the system, but its remnants will be monitored as it moves toward the Lesser Antilles.

Previous story:

UPDATE 8 a.m.: The Carolinas could be in store for another round of unwanted rain as a low pressure system between Bermuda and the Bahamas finds a more conducive environment for strengthening as it moves west-northwest.

The area, which was given a 40 percent chance of development over the next five days, is in an area with slightly warmer than normal sea surface temperatures, but is expected to reach even warmer waters this week.

Satellite image of area being watched by the NHC, Sept. 24, 2018.

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

Still, most models show an increasing amount of wind shear hitting the system by Wednesday, which would weaken cyclonic development.

Jeff Masters, co-founder of Weather Underground, said the system, dubbed 98L, could bring 1 to 2 inches of rain to eastern North Carolina over the next week.

Rainfall accumulation forecast through Monday, Oct. 1, 2018.

If the area of low pressure near the Carolinas were to become a named storm it would be Michael.

Kirk, which became the season’s 11th named storm on Saturday, has weakened to a depression but could see some restrengthening before hitting the “ever-present wall of wind shear near” near the Lesser Antilles, Masters said.

That wind shear is expected to tear Kirk apart later this week.

RELATED: 2018 hurricane forecast amended with new prediction

According to the National Hurricane Center, four named storms develop in the Atlantic after mid-September in an average season, three of which become hurricanes and one of which becomes a Category 3 or stronger hurricane.

While the 2018 season remains above normal for this time of year with 12 named storms, including 5 hurricanes, it has one fewer major hurricane than normal.

Florence has been the only storm to become a major hurricane of Cat 3 or stronger.

The number of named storms is challenging forecasters’ predictions for an average storm season.

The Climate Prediction Center’s August forecast predicted 9 to 13 named storms, 4 to 7 hurricanes and 0 to 2 major hurricanes.

“This year, despite the recent uptick in activity, the overall activity remains typical of a less active season,” said Gerry Bell, lead hurricane forecaster for the Climate Prediction Center. “For example, only two of seven storms since August 1 have become hurricanes. This propensity for weaker, shorter-lived storms is typical of a less active season.”

Previous story: 

National Hurricane Center

Tropical Storm Kirk has weakened to a tropical depression as it moves quickly west across the Atlantic.

The National Hurricane Center said it had 35-mph maximum sustained winds, which were expected to strengthen but then lessen and dissipate the next few days.

Tropical Depression Kirk

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

Meanwhile subtropical storm Leslie is lingering in the Central Atlantic with maximum sustained winds at 40 miles per hour. It’s not expected to move much today, nor gain strength until it merges with a frontal system in the next two or three days.

Lastly, there is an area of low pressure between Bermuda and the Bahamas that has a 30 percent of forming into a depression within 48 hours.

STORM 2018: Hurricane Central

 

 

TONIGHT: September’s full moon is special, when to see moonrise this week

The full moon sets among the pine trees alongside the Beeline Highway Thursday morning July 2, 2015 . This is the first of two full moons this month; the next one is July 31. (Lannis Waters / The Palm Beach Post)

September’s full harvest moon rises tonight, but there’s something special about the lunar machinations this time of year.

Near the fall equinox, which was Saturday, the moon rises each day closer together, according to Earth and Sky. That means instead of a delay between 40 and 50 minutes each subsequent day, it’s more like 30 to 35 minutes.

The higher the latitude, the shorter the time lag. In Alaska, the lag time is just 10 minutes. In Denver it’s 30 minutes.

RELATED: It’s fall, but when will South Florida start feeling like it? 

“No matter where you live worldwide, the moon will appear plenty full to you on both September 24 and 25, lighting up the night from dusk until dawn,” said Earth and Sky columnist Bruce McClure.

In West Palm Beach, moonrise tonight is 7:20 p.m.

Tuesday’s moonrise will be 7:55 p.m..

Wednesday will see the moon rise at 8:41 p.m.

The Harvest Moon is the only Full Moon name which is determined by the equinox rather than a month, according to TimeandDate.com.

Bottom line, look east tonight at 7:20 p.m. for September’s full harvest moon. Go to the beach, or the Intracoastal waterway for a special celestial treat when the moon emerges large and plump over the flat horizon.

If you haven’t yet, join Kim on Facebook , Instagram and Twitter.

The glow of sunrise warms the setting full moon behind the steeple of Family Church on Flagler Drive Thursday morning, May 11, 2017. (Lannis Waters @lvw839/The Palm Beach Post)

 

UPDATE: Tropical Storm Kirk weakens to depression, could fall apart as it heads toward Caribbean

Tropical Storm Kirk

11 p.m. UPDATE: Tropical Storm Kirk’s top sustained winds decreased to near 35 mph as it accelerated westward across the Atlantic, according to the latest National Hurricane Center advisory. It’s now a tropical depression.

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

Kirk is about 835 miles west-southwest of the southernmost Cabo Verde Islands and moving rapidly around 25 mph.

Little change in the maximum winds is forecast during the next several days. But forecasters said Kirk could degenerate into a trough of low pressure as it moves quickly across the tropical central Atlantic over the next several days.

Tropical Storm Kirk

5 p.m. UPDATE: Tropical Storm Kirk continues on its rapid westward trek across the tropical Atlantic, speeding due west at 23 mph, according to the latest National Hurricane Center advisory.

Kirk is about 645 miles southwest of the southernmost Cabo Verde Islands with maximum sustained winds near 40 mph. Some strengthening is forecast during the next day or two.

However, Kirk could encounter shear that could weaken the storm over the Caribbean.

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

Meanwhile, newly named Subtropical Storm Leslie is crawling toward the west in the middle of the Atlantic. Maximum sustained winds are near 40 mph, but Leslie is forecast to dissipate in a few days.

11 am update of Tropical Storm Kirk. (NHC)

11 a.m. UPDATE: Tropical Storm Kirk continues its westward trek, and is now moving west at 21 mph. It is 545 miles southwest of the Cape Verde Islands and still has maximum sustained winds of 40 mph, according to the National Hurricane Center. Kirk’s forecast of continued westward movement and strengthening early in the week hasn’t changed.

Meanwhile, a new storm, Leslie, has formed. A subtropical storm, Leslie has maximum sustained winds of 40 mph, and is out in the middle of the Atlantic on the same latitude as South Carolina. Leslie is only moving west at about 3 mph and isn’t expected to move very far in the next two days, forecasters say.

Subtropical Storm Leslie’s first update at 11 a.m. Sunday. (NHC)

NHC forecasters predict Leslie will likely be absorbed by a larger low-pressure system by mid-week.

Finally, Tropical Depression 11 is no more. The remnants of the depression were expected to weaken further in the next day or so. They have maximum sustained winds of 25 mph and are about 350 miles east-northeast of the Windward Islands.

ORIGINAL STORY: Tropical Storm Kirk continues to move west through the Atlantic, and forecasters continue to predict it may be in the Caribbean by Thursday morning.

As of 5 a.m., Kirk was 465 miles south-southwest of the Cape Verde Islands, heading west at 18 mph. Its maximum sustained winds were at 40 mph, according to the National Hurricane Center.

STORM 2018: Hurricane Central

Forecasters say Kirk will begin moving more quickly across the ocean as of Tuesday and is expected to strengthen in the next two days. However, they add it may begin weakening in the middle of the week.

The 5 a.m. update on Tropical Depression 11. (NHC)

Meanwhile, Tropical Depression 11, what forecasters are calling a “poorly organized” storm, is likely to dissipate by this evening. It’s 415 miles east-northeast of the Windward Islands and had maximum sustained winds of 30 mph.

If you haven’t yet, join Kim Miller on FacebookInstagram and Twitter.

Tropical Storm Kirk marching across Atlantic toward possible collision with islands by end of next week

Tropical Storm Kirk

11 p.m. UPDATE: Kirk is about 425 miles south-southwest of the southernmost Cabo Verde Islands and moving west-northwest about around 16 mph, according to the National Hurricane Center advisory. Top sustained winds were still 40 mph.

STORM 2018: CHECK THE INTERACTIVE TRACKING MAP

A faster westward motion across the deep tropical Atlantic Ocean is expected Sunday through Tuesday. Some strengthening is forecast through Sunday night, with little change in intensity expected on Monday and Tuesday.

Meanwhile, poorly organized Tropical Depression 11 is creeping northwestward about 440 miles east of the Windward Islands with sustained winds of 30 mph.

The depression is forecast to dissipate on Sunday or early Monday.

5pm UPDATE: (Eliot Kleinberg)

Tropical Storm Kirk, which formed overnight, continued Saturday to cross the Atlantic Ocean, steering toward a possible collision with the islands of the eastern Caribbean by the end of next week, according to a 5 p.m. National Hurricane Center advisory.

At 5 p.m. Saturday, Kirk was about 430 miles south of the Cabo Verde Islands and was moving west-northwest at 15 mph, up slightly from its earlier 14 mph pace. Top sustained winds were 40 mph.

” A faster westward motion across the deep tropical Atlantic Ocean is expected Sunday through Tuesday,” the advisory said.

ORIGINAL POST: (Eliot Kleinberg)

Tropical Storm Kirk has formed out in the eastern Atlantic, and is expected to move quickly across the ocean and possibly threaten islands as early as Thursday, the National Hurricane Center said Saturday in an 11 a.m. advisory.

At 11 a.m., Kirk was far south of the Cabo Verde Islands. Top winds were 40 mph, just 1 mph over the minimum to be a tropical storm. It was moving west near 14 mph and was expected to speed up from Sunday through Tuesday.

“Some strengthening is forecast through Sunday, with little change in intensity forecast on Monday and Tuesday,” the advisory said.

The next advisory was set for 5 p.m. Saturday.

PHOTOS: Multiple reports of waterspout off Palm Beach

The National Weather Service has received multiple reports of a waterspout seen off Palm Beach today around 2:30 p.m.

The waters surrounding Florida provide warmth and moisture for growing clouds that can spawn waterspouts. Often, the clouds that form them are not thunderstorms.

In fact, it doesn’t have to be raining for a waterspout to develop, and they can occur while skies are partly sunny.

A water spout Tuesday morning, July 7, 2015, off the coast of Manalapan. (Photo by Bruce Miller/The Palm Beach Post)